A biography is a detailed description or account of someone's life. More than a list of basic facts (education, work, relationships, and death), a biography also portrays a subject's experience of these events. Unlike a profile or curriculum vitae (résumé), a biography presents a subject's life story, highlighting various aspects of his or her life, including intimate details of experience, and may include an analysis of a subject's personality.
Biographical works are usually non-fiction, but fiction can also be used to portray a person's life. One in-depth form of biographical coverage is called legacy writing. Biographical works in diverse media—from literature to film—form the genre known as biography.
An authorized biography is written with the permission, cooperation, and, at times, participation of a subject or a subject's heirs.
An autobiography is about a life of a subject, written by that subject or sometimes with a collaborator.
or Shen Kua
: Shěn Kuò
: Shen K'uo
) (1031–1095), style name Cunzhong
and pseudonym Mengqi Weng
, was a polymathic Chinese scientist
and statesman of the Song Dynasty
(960–1279). Excelling in many fields of study and statecraft, he was a mathematician
, hydraulic engineer
, academy chancellor
, finance minister
, governmental state inspector, poet
, and musician
. He was the head official for the Bureau of Astronomy
in the Song court, as well as an Assistant Minister of Imperial Hospitality. At court his political allegiance was to the Reformist faction known as the New Policies Group
, headed by Chancellor Wang Anshi
(1021–1086). (Read more...)
On this day – September 25
- 1683 - Jean-Philippe Rameau, French composer (d. 1764)
- 1764 - Fletcher Christian, English Bounty mutineer (d. 1793)
- 1866 - Thomas Hunt Morgan, American geneticist, Nobel laureate (d. 1945)
- 1897 - William Faulkner, American writer, Nobel laureate (d. 1962)
- 1903 - Mark Rothko, Latvian-born painter (d. 1970)
- 1906 - Dmitri Shostakovich, Russian composer (d. 1975)
- 1932 - Glenn Gould, Canadian pianist and composer (d. 1982)
- 1943 - Robert Gates, American director of the Central Intelligence Agency
- 1944 - Michael Douglas, (pictured) American actor and producer
- 1952 - Christopher Reeve, American actor and activist (d. 2004)
- 1968 - Will Smith, American actor and rapper
- 1969 - Hansie Cronje, South African cricketer (d. 2002)
- 1969 - Catherine Zeta-Jones, Welsh actress
- 1985 - Calvin Johnson, American football player
- ... that when Bulgarian politician Rayko Daskalov (pictured) was released from prison in 1918 with the task of stopping a soldiers' uprising, he went on to take charge of the rebellion instead?
- ... that Swiss-born U.S. soldier Rudolph Stauffer was one of 22 Medal of Honor winners from Lieutenant Colonel George Crook's 1872–73 "winter campaign" against renegade Apaches in the Arizona Territory?
- ... that Pulitzer Prize-winning photographer William M. Gallagher once commandeered a police helicopter to cover a story?
- ... that N. D. Cocea's republican activism in the Kingdom of Romania involved fabricating rumors about a peasant revolt, supporting Soviet Russia, and being tried for lèse majesté?
- ... that the state of Maryland labeled Dominican nun Carol Gilbert as a terrorist?
- ... that Niqmepa was installed as King of Ugarit, an ancient city-state in northwest Syria, by Hittite king Mursili II, who had forced his brother, Arhalba, to abdicate?
- ... that with over 40,000 citations in scientific literature, Polish-American polymer chemist Krzysztof Matyjaszewski is one of the most cited chemists in the world?
"When are you people going to learn? It's not about who's right or wrong. No denomination's nailed it yet, and they never will because they're all too self-righteous to realize that it doesn't matter what you have faith in, just that you have faith. Your hearts are in the right place, but your brains need to wake up. I have issues with anyone who treats faith as a burden instead of a blessing. You people don't celebrate your faith; you mourn it."
— Kevin Smith
Said by the character Serendipity in Dogma